Itchy skin in dogs is very irritating yet quite common. Most pet owners are always quick to conclude that the itchiness is as a result if infestation of fleas. While that is a common cause, it is not the only one.
There are other dangerous problems that require urgent medical attention from a veterinarian in Courtland Manor, NY to prevent further deterioration. So, the next time your dog constantly scratches his skin to the point of forming a wound, be sure that there is an underlying cause. Some causes of pruritus or excessive itching are described below.
The skin produces natural oil which moisturizes and prevents it from breaking out. However, in certain weather conditions such as low humidity or extremely hot temperatures, your dog may experience very dry skin. It appears as flaky patches that have cracks, are very tough and may be infested with fungal infections such as dandruff. Since you cannot change the weather in such instances, try using moisturizing shampoos and lotions prescribed by your vet so as to restore nutrients in the skin.
Apart from the extreme environmental conditions that may cause dry skin, the type of diet your dog feeds on also plays a huge part. Healthy and glowing skin develops as a result of eating foods that are rich in nutrients and oil supplements. When your dog fails to get such nutritional value, it easily reflects in the skin as it becomes dry and easily breaks out. It is not advisable to feed dry foods to your pet as they may cause dehydration. Ensure that you provide them with lots of water, dietary supplements and digestive enzymes during meals for better absorption of nutrients that will boost their health.
Dogs, like any other mammal, are easily affected by allergic reactions to impurities in the atmosphere like pollen and dust. Other known allergens which dogs react to adversely include ingredients in medication and processed foods, and genetics. Dry skin is a symptom of many allergic reactions including atopic dermatitis.
Different dogs are predisposed to different allergens depending on the environment in which they live. You need to observe the factors that elicit adverse reactions and especially those that lead to a dry coat. In most cases, allergies are rarely treated to a point where the dog is completely cured. The most effective way of dealing with them is to control them through suppressive medication, or boost the immune system so as to make your pet less prone to such reactions.
Your dog may be infested with parasitic organisms such as fleas and lice. Such organisms breed in fur that is rarely cleaned and may cause dry skin which can break easily and cause lesions and severe secondary infections. Usually, a long term treatment has to be applied in order to get rid of the parasites.
Regular cleaning with medical shampoos and applying prescribed lotions specifically designed for this purpose is recommended. You can also use natural remedies like organic herbs, oils and supplements to restore a coat of healthy and lustrous fur.